Presented as an online interactive learning unit of the gender and health training for Ontario medical schools. Significant gender differences were observed in the association between stroke in the 60-79 age group and cancer in the 70-79 age group. Physical Activity and ObesityBy Shirley Bryan and Peter Walsh, from Women's Health Surveillance Report, Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2003Presentes physical activity as an important modifiable risk factor for obesity, and provides an overview of the current state of physical activity and overweight/obesity among Canadian women. Cardiovascular DiseaseOur Lens on the Sex, Gender, and Diversity Issues on This Topic, The SourcePresents a brief overview of CVD from the perspectives of sex, gender and diversity. Women live longer than men. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. In addition, the lower your income and education levels, the more likely you are to suffer from diabetes. J Prev Med Public Health. 2018 Jan 15;18(1):24. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2820-0. Notes that “more research is needed to understand gender-specific risk factors that may contribute to cardiovascular disease, such as depression, physical inactivity, smoking, education, and low income.”. It is also important to note that environmental factors have recently been implicated in higher rates of diabetes. Garin N, Olaya B, Moneta MV, Miret M, Lobo A, Ayuso-Mateos JL, Haro JM. We sought to describe age and gender differences in the prevalence and … Cardiovascular DiseaseBy Sherry L. Grace, Rick Fry, Angela Cheung and Donna E. Stewart, from Women's Health Surveillance Report, Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2003 Argues that health research, practice, and policy still do not adequately take into account the many significant differences in how CVD affects women and men. Looks at the health benefits of regular physical activity, and the individual and systemic factors that determine women's adoption of regular physical activity throughout their lifespan. Women also report having higher rates of high blood pressure than men; high blood pressure is a major risk factor for CVD. 2011 Mar;23(2):367-82. doi: 10.1177/0898264310385454. The HAES movement maintains that chronic disease prevention should instead focus on body self-acceptance and helping people develop healthy eating and physical activity habits. It includes high blood pressure (hypertension), coronary artery disease, heart attacks, heart failure, heart valve problems, and abnormal heart rhythms. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health, 2010Provides a clear-language introduction to autoimmune diseases in women, their symptoms, treatment and management. Turning a New Leaf: Women, Tobacco, and the FutureEdited by Lorraine Greaves, Natasha Jategaonkar and Sara Sanchez, BC Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health and International Network of Women against Tobacco, 2006Provides an overall picture of women’s growing tobacco use. With these new approaches, we are gaining a much deeper understanding of chronic disease. The following resources examine these and other facts about depression from the perspective of sex, gender and diversity. Medhi GK, Hazarika NC, Borah PK, Mahanta J. J Assoc Physicians India. The most important cause of COPD is smoking, and the rate of smoking is increasing in women, particularly in developing countries. Body WeightOur Lens on the Sex, Gender, and Diversity Issues on This Topic, The SourceExamines body weight issues through the perspectives of gender, sex and diversity. Artificial Intelligence Approaches to Social Determinants of Cognitive Impairment and Its Associated Conditions. Overall, the poorer you are, the more likely you are to be obese. CVD rates are higher for both women and men with less post-secondary education and lower incomes. Bitter Sweet or Toxic: Indigenous People, Diabetes and the Burden of PollutionBy John Schertow, The Dominion, February 2, 2010Discusses growing evidence that diabetes is closely linked with environmental pollution, noting that more than a dozen published studies show a connection between Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and higher rates of the disease, and that “Indigenous people carry an unequally high proportion of this global toxic burden.”. An autoimmune disease is an illness that occurs when the body’s tissues are attacked by the body’s own immune system. 34-43, Atlantic Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health, 2009 Explains that the incidence of diabetes in the general Canadian population is highest among First Nations women, followed by First Nations men. Notes that lupus is also more common in Hispanic/Latina, Asian, and Native American women. The prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in women are increasing in the United States. Velzeboer and other panelists noted that gender roles create different expectations and behaviors in men and women that affect chronic disease incidence and outcomes, including tobacco use, exercise and treatment-seeking. There are also differences among women’s experience of depression and there are both insufficient research and considerable difference of opinion as to why that is so. We are beginning to understand, too, that some of the major risk factors for chronic diseases – physical inactivity, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, being overweight or obese, and smoking – are related in complex ways to sex, gender, income, education, geography, and a myriad of other factors. Variables of SBP, CVD, and creatinine were associated ( P < 0.05) with a lower EDD in men, whereas no associations were present in women. Introduction: Few studies have assessed the relationship between chronic disease risk behaviours and body mass index (BMI) in a longitudinal, sex/gender-specific context. The following resources provide an overview of information about autoimmune diseases in women with a selection of resources on arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and lupus. HHS NIH From the Beginning: Understanding Diabetes Using Dis‑aggregated DataBy Lissa Donner and Margaret Haworth Brockman, in Rising to the Challenge: Sex‑ and gender‑based analysis for health planning, policy and research in Canada, pp. Background: Morbidity and mortality for women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are increasing, and little is known about gender differences in perception of COPD care. Much is known about the influences of sex and gender on health and disease; however, much more is unknown. Surveyfreq and Surveylogistic regression analyses were employed on the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) with a sample of 3609 persons aged 65-89. Hear Me, Understand Me, Support Me: What Young Women Want You to Know About DepressionBy VALIDITY Team (Vibrant Action Looking Into Depression in Today’s Young Women), Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2006Discusses the fact that when girls hit puberty, they start to experience higher rates of depression than do boys, and this sex difference continues until women hit menopause. On the other hand, men with depression are more likely to suffer from alcohol and substance dependence and have higher rates of completed suicide. Annu Rev Public Health. Today, even with mounting evidence of the gender differences in disease, women are still being ignored when it comes to health research. 2006 Jul;54:539-44. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. | In addition, CVD differs according to ethnicity, education and income. Women with COPD suffer more than men – they report worse symptoms for similar severity of COPD due to smaller lung capacity, and smaller airways and muscles required for breathing. Sex and Gender in Women’s Heart HealthBy Lorraine Greaves, Ann Pederson and Natalie Hemsing in Rising to the Challenge: Sex‑ and gender‑based analysis for health planning, policy and research in Canada, pp. J Aging Health. For example, we know that women and men tend to manage their chronic disease differently because of their gender roles. PDF | Chronic kidney disease (CKD) concerns about 10 % of the population in Switzerland. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Lung. The following resources look at lung diseases in women and their relationship to smoking, as this is the major preventable risk factor. Can this phenomenon be explained by chronic kidney disease (CKD)? Compared with females, males were significantly more likely to be younger (52.9 vs. 58.7 yrs. Critiques the use of the Body Mass Index (BMI) as a measurement of obesity. A convenience sample of 2562 employees from randomly selected ten ministries in Kuwait completed self-administered questionnaires. 6 Halbesma et al. 2009 May;42(3):199-207. doi: 10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.3.199. Women in developed countries are twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with depression. Quality of Life and Dependence Degree of Chronic Patients in a Chronicity Care Model. Notes that the clinical trials to assess statins' benefits and safety have focused on men. Females and males have different factors associated with BMI as well as with changes in BMI over time. This book is not available online. Notes that, while lung cancer incidence and mortality rates for men over 69 have levelled off due to overall decreases in tobacco use over the last thirty years, women’s lung cancer rates have only begun to level off recently, and lung cancer mortality in women continues to increase. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health, 2010 Provides an excellent overview of the three main lung diseases in women: asthma, COPD and lung cancer. In addition, if a woman has a disease-producing gene on one of her X chromosomes, it may be counterbalanced by a normal gene on the other X, but if a man has the same bad gene on his X chromosome, he lacks the potential protection of a matching gene. Age was associated ( P = 0.01) with a lower EDD in both men and women. Healthy Weight NetworkPresents the views of Frances Berg, another proponent and pioneer in the HAES movement. And we understand that it is not just about biological differences between women and men, although this is one piece of the picture. 74-75, Atlantic Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health, 2009Examines CVD among women in British Columbia, demonstrating how SGBA can effectively be used to understand chronic disease. A recent review in Seminars in Nephrology looks at patterns of care affecting the burden of CKD among women, noting important effects of sex, referring to biological differences; as well as gender, reflecting social differences. 2020 Sep;19(3):114-123. doi: 10.12779/dnd.2020.19.3.114. Notes that the women in Canada who are most vulnerable to CVD are Aboriginal women, South Asian women, and women with type 2 diabetes. Epub 2019 May 11. Gender differences in CVD Shows that, for women with no history of heart disease, there is no substantial clinical trial evidence that statins reduce the number of heart events or deaths in women of any age. Exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) puts one at much higher risk, and people living in First Nations communities often have much higher rates of exposure to this group of environmental toxins. In this context, the preponderance of CKD prevalence in male over age-matched female patients is of note. After adjusting for potential covariates, stroke, among elderly men more so than women, had a 2-3 times greater odds of engendering ADL disability in the 65-69 (p < 0.05) and 70-79 age groups (p < 0.01). Sex and gender differences are of fundamental importance in most diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). The coexistence of several chronic diseases in one same individual, known as multimorbidity, is an important challenge facing health care systems in developed countries. Methods: Obesity, whether preventable or not, is related to socio-economic status. Zeki Al Hazzouri A, Mehio Sibai A, Chaaya M, Mahfoud Z, Yount KM. Gender and MS ResearchNational Multiple Sclerosis Society (US)Provides an overview of the research and information about sex- and gender-based analysis of MS. Discusses the Society’s gender initiative, which has generated new information on sex differences in disease course, the immune system, brain tissues, hormonal influences, and response to infection, and has significantly increased the body of scientists pursuing these questions in MS. *From: Literature Review: Behavioural Guidelines for Adjusting to Medical Conditions. Most occur in women, and most often during their childbearing years. PLoS One. Epub 2010 Nov 10. 2020 Aug 24;8(3):293. doi: 10.3390/healthcare8030293. Publication types. Sex and gender differences are of fundamental importance in most diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are also gendered issues with this disease; for example, women are specifically targeted by light cigarette ads. Significant gender differences were observed in the association between stroke in the 60-79 age group and cancer in the 70-79 age group. Gender differences in physical disability among older adults in underprivileged communities in Lebanon. Our Stolen Future Explores the emerging science of endocrine disruption, or how some synthetic chemicals interfere with the ways that hormones work in humans and wildlife. Explores how society reacts to women with chronic illness and how women living with chronic illness cope with the uncertainty of their bodies in a society that desires certainty. Lung DiseaseU.S. These resources provide an overview of the sex and gender issues in relation to chronic diseases, demonstrating in many ways that our understanding of these issues is still in its infancy, and there is a strong need for more research that employs SGBA. At the same time, women have 20 - 60% lower mortality rates from COPD. | Dement Neurocogn Disord. CVD can look different in men and women, potentially requiring different approaches to diagnosis and treatment and leading to differences in outcomes. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, 2017), and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that COPD will be the third most common worldwide cause of death and disability by 2030, from its current fifth ranking ().Although COPD has generally been considered a disease … Chapter 3, Volume 1 of the the POWER Study. ORWH’s resources and research programs provide important information in this area that help to bridge critical gaps. *From: Literature Review - Behavioural Guidelines for Adjusting to Medical Conditions. Further research is needed to find additional gender-related characteristics in CKD and to identify the mechanisms of sexual dimorphism in CKD. Botes R, Vermeulen KM, Correia J, Buskens E, Janssen F. BMC Health Serv Res. Points to the pressing need for more gender data on health care system use and access to services and doctor’s prescribing practices, arguing that this data should be used to create a health care strategy to deal with the growing numbers of women with this disease. To extend the present knowledge, we evaluated 12,263 patients with CLD enrolled in two … Fact: Depression is twice as common in women as in men. * See: Patterns Differ for Men and Women in:Obesity: A Growing Issue, by Christel Le Petit and Jean-Marie Berthelot, About Us News & Articles Resources Your Health Connect With Us, Provincial/Territorial Telehealth/Telemedicine lines, The Tides of Change: Addressing Inequity and Chronic Disease in Atlantic Canada, Bitter Sweet or Toxic: Indigenous People, Diabetes and the Burden of Pollution, From the Beginning: Understanding Diabetes Using Dis‑aggregated Data, Evidence for Caution: Women and Statin Use, Turning a New Leaf: Women, Tobacco, and the Future, Literature Review - Behavioural Guidelines for Adjusting to Medical Conditions, The Impact of Arthritis on Canadian Women, Autoimmunity: A Major Women’s Health Issue, Being Female: A Key Risk Factor for Depression, Hear Me, Understand Me, Support Me: What Young Women Want You to Know About Depression, The Marketization of Depression: Prescribing SSRI Antidepressants to Women, Three Book Reviews: Reading About Women's Experiences of Breast Cancer, Short of breath: For Canadian women, COPD deaths surpass those from breast cancer, Book Review: Committed to the Sane Asylum, Book Review: Sweetening the Pill or How We Got Hooked on Hormonal Birth Control. 7 (this issue) report that there are gender differences: -0.33 (women) and -0.55 (men) ml/min/1.73 m 2 per year, based on the relatively new method of ‘slope-based analysis’ rather than ‘threshold … Fortunately, the use of sex- and gender based analysis (SGBA)* is a tool that is now giving us valuable new insights into prevention and management of chronic diseases. Gender and Cardiovascular DiseaseGender and Health Collaborative CurriculumProvides an overview of women and cardiovascular disease, from the perspective of the health practitioner. Concludes that, “Further research is needed to determine the cultural groups affected and the other important determinants of health in these women of low socio-economic status.”. This study evaluated gender differences in dyspnoea and HRQoL in patients with COPD. 2014 Nov 6;9(11):e111498. As detailed in the resources below, the sex differences in autoimmune diseases are startling, underscoring the necessity of sex- and gender- based analysis. The relationship of weight and chronic disease is one we cannot ignore in our discussion of chronic disease. Moreover, there are many significant differences in how the two sexes experience the disease. Aims at educating physicians about depression in women. Proteinuria is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. People in other ethnic groups, including South or West Asians and African Canadians, also have significantly higher rates than whites. This study aimed to explore gender differences among sedentary occupation workers with regard to their quality of life (QoL), physical activity, and risk for high blood pressure, and to identify factors associated with QoL. Some of these genes may be linked to diseases that contribute to the excess male mortality throughout life. Belo LF, Rodrigues A, Paes T, Machado FVC, Schneider LP, Vicentin AP, Probst VS, Pitta F, Hernandes NA. Provides critical links between research and practical application on weight and eating issues Correia J Ortego-Mate. Of symptoms, ethnicity and a multitude of gender differences in chronic diseases factors autoimmune disease is important. 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