california facts wikipedia

You can drive through a giant Redwood tree in California's Kings Canyon. The name California comes from a mythical island paradise written about in an early 16 th century Spanish novel. 1.1. The Spanish called the part of the land that later became part of the United States Alta California (Upper California) when it was split from what became Baja California (Lower California). The 5 Best Air Purifiers of 2020. The valley has the Sierra Nevada to the east and the Pacific Coast Ranges to the west. If California were a sovereign nation, according to 2019 statistics, it would rank as the world's fifth largest economy, lying between Germany and India. Before him, the governor was Jerry Brown. On April 4, 1850 California became a State of the USA. There are 20 known isotopes. ("Baja" means "lower" in Spanish.) Sacramento is the seat of the California Legislature and the Governor of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Dacă ar fi țară independentă, California ar fi a … The state flower is the golden poppy. Eureka! Wine industry of California has annual production of over 18 million gallons of wine. The official bird of this state is the California Valley Quail. California is probably the state with the most ethnic groups. Los Angeles International is the 6th busiest airport in the world. There are many earthquakes in California. 82. Slavery also spread there as people hoping to find gold brought black slaves and either forced them to work in gold mines or hired them out for other work. However, this did not happen. California City, officially the City of California City, occasionally abbreviated to Cal City, is a city incorporated in 1965 located in the northern Antelope Valley in Kern County, California, United States, 100 miles (160 km) north of the city of Los Angeles. … After contact with Spanish explorers, most of the Native Americans died out from European diseases. California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. [10], The cities of Sacramento, Bakersfield, and Fresno are in the Central Valley. Watermelon Snow . California MC Cali the valley quail takes Barry the bald eagle around the United States's most populated state: California. Italiano 1 665 000+ voci. The official animal is the California Grizzly … When Mexico was no longer controlled by Spain, the Mexican government took over the villages, and they soon became empty. Русский 1 690 000+ статей. The most dominant are finance, business services, government and manufacturing. The population was 14,120 at the 2010 census. In these early times, the borders of the Sea of Cortez and the Pacific coast were not well known, so the old maps wrongly showed Californi… This page was last changed on 16 January 2021, at 13:16. The most stable is californium-251, which has a half-life of 898 years. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. The best view in the United States is at Mount Diablo State Park. These men flew a "Bear flag" that had a golden bear with a star on it. The Spanish called the part of the land that later became part of the United States Alta California (Upper California) when it was split from what became Baja California (Lower California). English 6 226 000+ articles. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Map of the United States with California highlighted, "Chapter 2 of Division 2 of Title 1 of the California Government Code", "USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED) 1 meter Downloadable Data Collection from The National Map 3D Elevation Program (3DEP)—National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) National Elevation Data Set (NED)", "Table 1. California's Silicon Valley is home to some of the world's most valuable technology companies, including Apple, Alphabet Inc., and Facebook. California became a U.S. territory in 1847 when Mexico surrendered it to John C. Frémont. California became the 31st state in 1850. These religious people set up small towns and villages, the famous California Missions. California is thought to be a very liberal state, but there are still a lot of people who are Republicans and view Ronald Reagan as a hero. 2.1. Three times the city broke out in riots, in 1943, in 1965, and in 1992, all due to racism. 81. [17][18] Over 10% of the Fortune 1000 companies were based in California in 2018.[19]. California state fact helps us to discover that it … Tweet This. [13] Far northern California does not have many people, but the San Francisco region and the Sacramento region are often thought of as part of northern California. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Today, California is more liberal and less conservative. California, officially the State of California, is a state in the western part of the United States. The geography of California varies depending on region. A locale in the United States. YOU MAY ALSO CHECK OUT: 22 CALIFORNIA FUN FACTS YOU PROBABLY DIDN’T KNOW. California joined the war to and helped the North (the Union) and sent many troops east to fight the Confederacy.[15]. The season is a part of the 2020 Western United States wildfire season. A borough of Pennsylvania. The only other way was to travel by boat around the Cape Horn, at the southern end of South America. Before that, it was explored by Europeans in the 16th and 17th century. In these early times, the borders of the Sea of Cortez and the Pacific coast were not well known, so the old maps wrongly showed California to be an island. California has more people than any other state in the United States. This area covered the Mexican lands south of it, as well as Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona and Wyoming. California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. Largest city: Los Angeles. [11] More than seven million acres (28,000 km2) of the valley are irrigated by an extensive system of reservoirs and canals.[12]. If not, here are 30 awesome facts about the sunniest state in the U.S. that will have you packing your bags! Southeastern California has the Mojave Desert and Death Valley, the lowest place in the United States. Tweet This. It will host the Olympic Games in 2028. State Flag. Los Angeles began half a century of rapid growth after railroads arrived in the city in the 1870s. California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. 83. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. It became the 31st state of the United States in 1850. It is the third largest US state by total area (after Alaska and Texas) with 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km 2) and the largest by population with over 39 million people as of 2019. Sacramento is also the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which at the 2010 census had a population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth-largest in California. On November 4, 1992, Dianne Feinstein became one of California's United States senators. This Republic ended suddenly, however, when Commodore John D. Sloat of the United States Navy sailed into San Francisco Bay. Additional State Facts & History. It is California's single most productive agricultural region and one of the most productive in the world. This page was last changed on 12 March 2013, at 18:38. This short half-life means the element is not found in the Earth's crust. Français 2 287 000+ articles. Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. But in 1869, the connection got better quickly, because the first railroad across the continent was finished. It is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and northeast, Arizona to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and it shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. The west-central part of the state has some small mountains and the cities of San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland. A History of the New Year. The history of California can be divided into: the Native American period (about 10,000 years ago until 1542), the European exploration period (1542–1769), the Spanish colonial period (1769–1821), the Mexican period (1821–1848), and United States statehood (September 9, 1850–present). California is home to many tourist attractions including Disneyland, the San Diego Zoo, Lego Land, and Yosemite National Park. California has almost 40,000,000 residents, more than Canada and roughly 1/8 of U.S. population. The California Native Americans lived in the Californian Central Valley area, between the Pacific coast and the Sierra Nevada. At first, travel between the far west and the east coast of the United States was dangerous and took a lot of time. This took months, since the trip was thousands of miles long and the Panama Canal had not yet been built either. It is bordered by Arizona to the southeast, Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. The state is a leader in three businesses: farming, movie-making, and high technology, mostly software and websites. Have you ever been to California? Tweet This . The population was 41,114 at the 2010 census. The people in Coastal California were Native Americans. They happen when two tectonic plates (parts of the Earth's crust) shift underground. California is home to the highest point (Mt. On January 3, 2017, Kamala Harris became the other one. California is the birthplace of the Frisbee, Barbie dolls, skateboards, and video arcade games. For 102 interesting facts about California. But starting in the late 1700s, Spanish religious leaders of the Roman Catholic Church ("missionaries") got large gifts of land in the area north of Baja California, from the Spanish king and queen. The capital is Sacramento. The most populous state of the United States. The first European who visited parts of the coast, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, came from Portugal in 1542. It has a gross state product (GSP) of US$3.2 trillion as of 2019. The Tallest, Largest, And Oldest Tree In The World. California is the US state with the largest economy. In 1900, there were only a million people in California and 105,000 in Los Angeles. Castroville, California is known as the Artichoke Capital of the World. This was the beginning of the huge farming business that California has today. He said that California was now part of the United States. Tweet This. Sacramento is the fastest growing city in California. Meanwhile, more people in California were learning that the land there was very good to grow fruit and other crops. Deutsch 2 522 000+ Artikel. California 1. The economy of the State of California is the largest in the United States. What is now California was first settled by Native Californian tribes. Today, California has more people than any other U.S. state. 2.2. In 1849, gold was suddenly found and the number of people went up very fast as the Gold Rush took hold. California was more conservative during the 1960s and 1980s when its former governor, Ronald Reagan, ran for president as a Republican. Oranges were grown in many parts of California. (Today the state has a total of nearly 40,000,000 people.) In 1846, as the Mexican-American War was starting, some Americans in California hoped to create a California Republic. California se învecinează la vest cu Oceanul Pacific, la nord cu Oregon, la est cu Nevada și Arizona, la sud cu statul mexican Baja California.Cu o suprafață de 414.000 km², este al treilea stat american ca suprafață, după Alaska și Texas. Well, the state motto of California “Eureka” refers to the discovery of gold, and it means ‘I … The first European who saw the entire coast was Sir Francis Drake, in 1579, and he decided that the British owned it. It may be of no surprise to find out that California is responsible for many of these things, including McDonald’s, Barbie dolls, Apple computers, the internet, the Frisbee, skateboards, and even arcade video games. The eastern part of the state has the highest point in the United States outside of Alaska, Mount Whitney, in the Sierra Nevada mountain range. A city i… Starting its operation in 1910, the plant today has more than 50% of California almond growers as its members. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), many people in California, especially in the southern part of California, thought the South was right and slavery should be protected. 41. Kilimanjaro in Africa. In the past, the area that was called "California" was not just today's California. UCSB ADC Omeka", "3 Nov 1969, 87 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com", "The Hunts, Sugar and Great Western United; Earnings Soar and Troubles Multiply", "Nader Charges Speculators Carve Up Wilds Uselessly", "GREAT WESTERN UNITED CORPORATION Background Report", "7 land sales subsidiaries told to alter recruiting, ads", "California City: How A Developer's Failed Dream Became The State's Biggest Water Waster", "The Unbuilt Streets of California's Ghost Metropolis", "Monthly Averages for California City, CA", "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2005 and 2006", "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - California City city", "Crime in California City, California (CA): murders, rapes, robberies, assaults, burglaries, thefts, auto thefts, arson, law enforcement employees, police officers, crime map", "Intergovernmental Agreement between California City and the Bureau", "California City Correctional Facility (CAC)", "Detention Services - Operational Contract - California City", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=California_City,_California&oldid=997104884, Incorporated cities and towns in California, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, All articles containing potentially dated statements, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Robert P. Ulrich Elementary School (1966), This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 01:06. A census-designated place in Maryland. The post office uses "CA" as a shorthand for California, and the Associated Press uses "Calif." or "Cali.". Southwestern California has small mountain ranges and the cities of San Diego and Los Angeles. Engineering and computers play a big part in the state's life. January 2021 Current Events: US News. Monterey (Spanish: Monterrey; Ohlone: Aacistak) is a city located in Monterey County on the southern edge of Monterey Bay on the U.S. state of California's Central Coast.Founded on June 3, 1770, it was the capital of Alta California under both Spain (1804 to 1821) and Mexico (1822 to 1836). Tweet This. Over 14,000 people live in the city. Synonyms: CA (abbreviation), Cali (slang), Commiefornia (derogatory) 2. California, constituent state of the United States of America. There is no need to wonder that … Whitney) and the lowest point (Death Valley) in the continental United States. The processing plant in Sacramento spans 90 acres. Californians need to be prepared for earthquakes and often store extra food, water, flashlights, and first aid supplies in case of such an emergency. California’s mild, conducive climate was home to over 100 different tribes including the Shasta, Maidu, Miwok, Mohave, Pomo, Chumash and Serrano people, whose languages included the Athapaskan, Penutian and Uto-Aztecan dialects. Technology is very advanced and many new cultural trends begin there. Its largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, and San Francisco. [14] In 1850, California became a state in the Union (the United States). The western part of the part given to the United States became today's state of California. San Bruno is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose are all in top ten largest U. S. cities. From the top of the 3,849 foot summit more of the earth's surface can be seen than any other peak in the world, except Mt. The Golden State has the largest economy of any state in the country. Blue Diamond Growers, headquartered in Sacramento, California, is the world’s largest almond processors and marketers. It is often called The Golden State. When you think of modern America, many things come to mind. California became an official state of The United States in 1850. Tweet This. the earthquake. California, officially the State of California, is a state in the western part of the United States. The 2020 California wildfire season was characterized by a record-setting year of wildfires that burned across the state of California as measured during the modern era of wildfire management and record keeping. California is situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire. California City is a city in southern California that was incorporated in 1965. Around the World. The name comes from Las sergas de Espladián (Adventures of Spladian), a 16th-century book by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo, where there is an island paradise called California. Californium is named after the US State of California, where it was discovered, in the University of Berkeley. The area has its own police and post office. In 1848, there were about 4,000 Spanish-speaking people in today's California on the American side. California Facts. The city is next to San Francisco International Airport and Golden Gate National Cemetery. It also has many different geographic features – mountains, deserts, and coasts. Español 1 652 000+ artículos. It was admitted as the 31st state of the union on September 9, 1850, and by the early 1960s it was the most populous U.S. state. Daniel Kish, born 1966 in Montebello, California, the president of the World Access for the Blind, is … It produces more than half the fruit, vegetables, and nuts grown in the United States. 22 California fun facts you probably didn’t know. After the war with Mexico ended, California was split between the two countries. It’s General Sherman, and it lives in Sequoia … San Francisco Bay is the world’s biggest landlocked harbour. In the past, the area that was called "California" was not just today's California. If California was a separate country, it would have the sixth largest economy in the world. This area covered the Mexican lands south of it, as well as Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona and Wyoming. Los Angeles was home to the Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984. By the 1950s, television had also become an important business in California. It is the third largest US state by total area (after Alaska and Texas) with 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2) and the largest by population with over 39 million people as of 2019. Going by land was very difficult, because there were no roads and no trains, and many Native Americans were attacking American people heading West in wagons. On June 14, 1846, while California … Wondering what the name of the world’s largest tree is? California - California - History: When Spanish navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo became the first European to sight the region that is present-day California in 1542, there were about 130,000 Native Americans inhabiting the area. From agriculture to technology to movie-making, Californians keep busy while enjoying some of … Starting in 1965, the variety of people became much greater as many different people from around the world came to the United States and often decided to live in California. The state flag has its origins in early California history. Nayden Kostov | February 4, 2015 | California facts, Facts about USA | 1 Comment. In 2019, Gavin Newsom became the governor of California. Fun Facts. The Mexican portion became the Mexican states of Baja California Norte (north) and Baja California Sur (south). 日本語 1 247 000+ 記事. Capital: Sacramento. Saying "Happy New Year!" Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019", "Federal Agencies Release Data Showing California Central Valley Idle Farmland Doubling During Drought « Landsat Science", "California, a "Free State" Sanctioned Slavery", "Gross Domestic Product by State, Fourth Quarter and Annual 2019", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Geography of Fortune 1000 Companies in 2018", San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area, International Boundary and Water Commission, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=California&oldid=7275898, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. 2.3. [16] It has many sectors. Californium is produced in nuclear reactors and particle accelerators. Noble Titles and Ranks in a Monarchy . Northern California has the Cascade Range, the Klamath Mountains, and the Modoc Plateau. For over a hundred years, film has been one of the most important businesses in California. Some people in Southern California even wanted Southern California to leave the rest of the state and join the Confederate States of America. Facts; Flag; Geography Statistics; Location; Maps; Symbols; From the giant redwood trees of the northwest to the Mars-like landscapes of the southeast; from snow-capped mountain peaks to its fertile valleys - California presents (arguably) the most diverse series of landforms in … Aerospace used to be a large industry there, but it has been downsized in the last 20 years. States in 1850 of Baja California Sur ( south ) some small mountains and the Modoc Plateau was beginning! Americans lived in the U.S. that will have you ever been to California Commiefornia ( ). 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